Design Engineering has a long history of providing engineering consultation for retaining walls for residential, commercial/industrial, and subdivisions sectors with more than 30 years of local building experience. Working to an international quality management standard (ISO 9001-2015), we are able to offer our services with the highest level of quality control which can be difficult to find elsewhere. All engineering drawings and calculations are checked in-house by our highly qualified and experienced team to ensure all quality procedures are adhered to.
- Retaining Wall Types
- Construction supervision
- Design and Drawings
Retaining Wall Types
Design Engineering has experience in designing, providing certifications and conducting retaining wall inspection for the following types of retaining walls:
Cantilevered type walls
These commonly consist of masonry block units with internal steel reinforcement or in-situ/precast reinforced concrete. The walls are generally thin compared to gravity type walls but are attached to a large footing. The internal reinforcement provides the strength required for the wall to act as a beam and cantilever from the base. The large base provides the lateral/rotation restraint required to resist the loads. Typical applications for these walls include basement walls, fencing and bund walls. The walls can be used to retain earth or liquids or a combination of both with or without surcharges.
Gravity type walls
These depend on their mass to resist the loads rather than their strength. They are commonly made from limestone blocks, masonry blocks, mass concrete or gabions baskets. They generally have a batter which improves their stability. Typical applications for these walls include large subdivisions walls and landscaping walls. The walls can be used to retain earth or liquids or a combination of both with or without surcharges.
Sheet pile walls
These generally consist of steel sheeting which is driven into the ground. This type of wall is used primarily where space is limited and soil conditions are inadequate to support other types of walls. Between 30-50% of the pile is embedded which provides the lateral and rotational restraint. Typical applications for these walls are for excavations, and soil stabilisation purposes.
Post and panel walls
These consist of a post driven into the ground at determined intervals with panels attached above ground to resist loads behind the wall. They are a form of cantilever wall, however, they do not rely on a footing to provide lateral and rotation restraint; the restraint is provided by the embedment of the post. Typical applications for these walls are for residential and commercial purposes.
This can be used to stabilise the soil locally by injecting a grout or cement into the sand so that it acts as a large unit. This is usually performed during construction stages of a project to stabilise soil while other works are proceeding or to improve the stability of soil where other wall types cannot be used due to confined spaces.
Our engineers have experience supervising the construction of the wall types detailed above. We are able to provide the required documentation including non-compliance reports and QA sheets for concrete strength, block strength, mortar strength and soil compaction test results to ensure the walls are constructed as per the contract drawings.
Design and Drawings
Our design capabilities include analysis of the soil and providing the stability and strength calculations for the wall. Our designs are fully compliant with the Building Code of Australia and relevant Australian standards including AS 1170 series, AS 2870, AS 3600, AS 4100, AS 3700, AS 2159, AS 4678 and many others. Our in-house drafting team are able to provide engineering drawings to the highest standard in compliance with the requirements of AS 1100.
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